Medicines for prostatitis

Inflammation of the prostate brings a lot of unpleasant sensations to the man, makes him suffer both physically and psychologically. Started prostatitis can lead to dangerous consequences, to infertility, development of benign and malignant tumors in the tissues of the body, complete impotence. That is why an important visit to the doctor, establishing the causes of the inflammatory process and competent therapy play an important role. Today on the pharmacological market there are a variety of drugs and effective means for the treatment of prostatitis, different in their action, effectiveness and cost.

Successful cure of prostatitis is provided only through an integrated approach, including the use of drugs, diet, physiotherapy methods, use of folk recipes, elimination of provoking factors and elimination of the causes of the pathological process. Drug therapy, in turn, involves the use of drugs aimed at eliminating various problems. Drugs for the treatment of inflammation of the prostate are presented in different dosage forms, they can combine several actions simultaneously.

Dosage forms for prostatitis

Prostatitis drugs are presented in the following dosage forms:

  • tablets or capsules;
  • injectable drugs;
  • rectal suppositories;
  • microclysters and installations.

The latter can be done on the basis of both natural ingredients and the use of medicines.

Pills

You can't do without pills in prostatitis therapy. Treatment of chronic prostatitis in men can be performed with other dosage forms, but only during periods of remission. You will need to take pills during the exacerbation. Since most often the inflammatory process in the prostate gland is provoked by infectious agents, treatment necessarily involves the use of various types of antibiotics. In addition, the following groups of drugs prescribed according to the indications in each case can be used in the treatment of all types of prostatitis:

  • alpha blockers;
  • non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs;
  • muscle relaxants;
  • analgesics;
  • diuretics;
  • hormonal preparations;
  • immunostimulants.

In addition, complex preparations have been developed that have a combined effect on prostatitis.

Antibiotics

Such drugs are needed in almost all cases of acute prostatitis provoked by pathogenic microorganisms. When the inflammation is caused by congestion in the pelvic organs, antibiotics can also be used if the tests reveal the activity of the so-called non-specific or opportunistic microflora.

Self-medication with antibiotics, uncontrolled intake, use of such drugs on the advice of friends or the Internet is strictly prohibited. To determine which drugs are needed in a given case, only a qualified doctor can rely on the test results. Some patients need a combination of several types of antibiotics. Determining the type of drug, doses, dosing regimens and duration of treatment is the sole responsibility of the urologist.

The following groups of antibiotics can be used to treat prostatitis:

  • fluoroquinolones- destroy the DNA synthesis of cells from pathogenic microorganisms, thus suppressing their vital activity;
  • tetracyclines- broad-spectrum antibiotics that suppress the pathogenic microflora, quite difficult for patients to tolerate;
  • cephalosporins- damage the cell membranes of pathogenic microorganisms by interfering with their life and reproduction, these antibiotics have many side effects, have a negative impact on the state of the gastrointestinal tract, so almost neverare prescribed in tablets and it is recommended to administer intramuscularly;
  • penicillins- block the synthesis of the protein needed by microorganisms to build cellular structures, these funds, unlike the previous ones, have almost no side effects and are taken in tablets;
  • macrolides- drugs with the least toxicity to the human body, are very well tolerated by patients, but are rarely prescribed due to unproven efficacy in the treatment of prostatitis.

The need for a course of antibiotics according to certain schemes and in certain doses is due to the peculiarities of their action. Only after reaching a certain concentration, which must be replenished at regular intervals, drugs begin to suppress the impact of pathogenic microflora. It takes ten days to a month to completely destroy it. If the course is not completed, as some patients do when they feel well, infectious agents can remain in the body, acquire drug resistance and, under certain conditions, begin to multiply again.

Alpha-adrenergic receptor blockers

This group of drugs is prescribed for severe urinary problems to relax the smooth muscles of the bladder and urethra.

Alpha-adrenergic blockers differ in their action - some act selectively on receptors, others do not have this selectivity.

Many alpha-blockers are hypotensive, so they are not prescribed to patients with low blood pressure. They have almost no side effects, prevent the return flow of urine and prevent re-infection of the prostate.

Analgesics and antispasmodics

With a pronounced pain syndrome, especially in the inflammatory-purulent course of prostatitis, you can not do without painkillers. The pain of prostatitis is so severe that the patient cannot even touch the affected area. Most analgesics do not affect the area of ​​pain, but relieve the sensitivity of the brain centers in the cortex. Therefore, it is not worth using them regularly, they do not provide real help to fix the problem.

Antispasmodics have another effect. These drugs relax the smooth muscles of the organs, relieve spasms.

Anti-inflammatory drugs

These drugs are aimed at eliminating inflammation, reducing swelling in the affected area, have antipyretic and analgesic effects, facilitate urination, but most often the inflammation is removed with suppositories and microclysters.

Preparations based on herbal ingredients

Natural preparations are recommended for use in chronic forms of the disease. They require a long course of administration, but they are able to improve prostate function, suppress the activity of pathogenic microflora, strengthen the immune system, which suffers in prolonged fight against infection.

Injectables

Several types of antibiotics are recommended for intramuscular use in prostatitis.

The most effective remedy for inflammation of the prostate, produced in solutions for intramuscular injection, is a special preparation that has a complex effect: relieves swelling, improves fluid circulation in the affected area, relieves inflammation, increases smooth muscle tone, strengthens the immune systemsystem.

Rectal suppositories

Rectal suppositories are considered the most effective way to relieve pain and inflammation. Their effectiveness is due to the fact that they bypass the bloodstream, liver and gastrointestinal tract, penetrating directly into the affected area. Doctors recommend its use in the treatment of prostatitis:

  • ichthyol candles;
  • candles with medicines;
  • candles with propolis.

Injection directly into the rectum, located next to the inflamed area, ensures rapid action of the suppositories. This treatment has the following effects:

  • quickly relieves pain syndrome;
  • relieves swelling and inflammation;
  • improves blood circulation in the affected area;
  • prostate function is restored;
  • pathogenic microflora is destroyed;
  • The urination process resumes.

Suppositories are recommended for all forms of prostatitis.

Microclysters and installations

microclysters for the treatment of prostatitis

Like rectal suppositories, microclysters and instillations provide a rapid delivery of active substances directly to the inflamed organ.

The procedures can be performed using solutions of drugs, decoctions and alcoholic tinctures of medicinal herbs, natural oils.

Conclusion

Before taking any medicine for prostatitis, you should consult your doctor and undergo a complete examination. Drug therapy is very effective, but if the man does not change his habits and does not eliminate the effect of provoking factors, prostatitis will return very soon, even with successful treatment.

20.11.2020