Prostatitis in women is not a joke, but a colloquial name for inflammation of the vestibular glands. These glands are also called Scan glands, and their inflammation - skinitis - manifests itself with the same symptoms as prostatitis in men. What are the characteristics and dangers of this disease?
Does prostatitis occur in women?
The insidiousness of the pathology is that it is poorly detected by doctors and is rare.
Prostatitis in women occurs, but the disease is called skinitis. The glands that become inflamed in this pathology are located just below the urethra and consist of sensitive tissue.
Skene's glands are thought to be a rudimentary prostate that forms in the embryo before the genitals appear. Simply put, Scan's glands are a type of blank that develops into a full-fledged prostate gland in the male fetus and remains in the fetus in the female fetus.
Interestingly, these glands are able to produce a specific secretion that is identical in composition to the secretion of the prostate gland in men. In addition, the PSA antigen, which is the most important tumor marker, can be found in this fluid.
Interesting!The reactive orgasm that occurs in some women is the result of the activity of the Scan glands.
Skinitis is rare. The problem is that female prostatitis is difficult to diagnose, often misdiagnosed, so there are no accurate statistics on the spread of this disease.
Reasons for the development of skinitis
Most women are not even aware of the presence of these glands near the urethra, but when they become inflamed, acute symptoms appear, reminiscent of the signs of prostatitis in men.
Skinitis is most often caused by an infection of the glands. The main reasons for the development of the disease:
- damage to the urethra;
- lack of hygiene;
- glandular infection due to the spread of infection in other genital diseases.
Skinitis is most often caused by opportunistic microorganisms that inhabit the female body. They can enter the glands in the urine during urination or from the vagina. Under normal conditions, such microorganisms do not cause an inflammatory process, but when the glands of the Skene or urethra are injured, female prostatitis appears. This is due to a decrease in local immunity.
Skinitis can be allergic in nature. The use of poor quality intimate hygiene products can cause an allergic reaction and a decrease in local immunity, as a result of which the risk of glandular infection increases.
Another reason for the development of skinitis in women is trauma to the urethra due to surgery or rough intercourse. Damage to the urethral opening is also possible due to urolithiasis when sand passes through the urethra.
"Prostatitis" in women is associated with irregular sex life. Frequent change of sexual partners and neglect of barrier contraception increases the risk of developing urogenital infections.
A factor that increases the risk of developing this disease is the general decrease in immunity. Skinitis may be associated with recent severe infectious diseases, hypothermia, exacerbation of chronic diseases.
Symptoms of the disease
In pathology, there is a constant weakness and "weakness" throughout the body.
Once you know if a woman has prostatitis, you need to know how skinitis manifests. The disease is called "female prostatitis" largely because of symptoms that resemble inflammation of the prostate in men. Disposal symptoms are as follows:
- frequent urge to urinate;
- urination in small portions;
- pain and pain in the urethra when using the toilet;
- soreness during intercourse;
- spasms in the area of the bladder;
- general malaise, loss of strength.
Skinitis in many ways resembles cystitis in women. In this disease, the desire to urinate is felt constantly, but this need cannot be fully satisfied. Urine is excreted in small portions and this is accompanied by severe discomfort. The feeling of a full bladder continues even when using the bathroom.
You can distinguish skinitis from other diseases of the genitourinary system with similar symptoms by the presence of pain during intercourse.
There is no strong heat in the skin, but the body temperature can rise to 37, 5-38 degrees.
Why is prostatitis in women dangerous?
After understanding the specifics of this disease, patients wonder if such prostatitis is dangerous for women. This disease can lead to dangerous complications and therefore requires timely diagnosis and treatment.
Among the possible complications of skinitis:
- gland abscess;
- cystic neoplasms;
- secondary infertility;
- adhesions in the small pelvis;
- deformation of the area where the inflamed glands are located;
- spread of the infection to other organs of the pelvis.
The disease is infectious and can be caused by pyogenic bacteria. In severe cases, the inflammation can develop into an abscess of the gland, which is accompanied by severe symptoms and requires surgical treatment. Self-rupture of an abscess is potentially dangerous with the development of sepsis (blood poisoning).
The infection can spread through the bloodstream to all organs of the pelvis. There is also a risk of ascending spread of pathogens with subsequent kidney infection. In addition, with an extensive infection, a woman can infect a partner through unprotected sex. In men, bacterial urethritis can develop into prostatitis.
Ultrasound diagnostics are performed to make sure that there are no other diseases.
Once you know if you have prostatitis in women and what signs and symptoms skinitis may be suspected, it is recommended not to self-medicate, but to seek medical help immediately.
The main problem with skinitis is the complex diagnosis. Due to the specificity of the location of the glands, their inflammation is accompanied by symptoms of inflammation of the lining of the bladder or urethra, which is why it is often misdiagnosed and prescribed the wrong treatment regimen.
The Scan's gland is located in a hard-to-reach place, so it is impossible to examine it completely. In this regard, the diagnosis is made by excluding other diseases with similar symptoms. Necessary examinations:
- Ultrasound of the bladder to rule out cystitis;
- Ultrasound of the uterus and appendages to rule out inflammation;
- smear from the cervical canal;
- bacterial culture from the cervix;
- general and biochemical analysis of urine;
- smear from the urethra.
After excluding other diseases, treatment of skinitis is prescribed. Often the most informative diagnostic method is the analysis of urine, which detects pathogenic microorganisms.
Characteristics of treatment
Conservative treatment is practiced in peeling. Therapy includes medication from the following groups:
- antibiotics to clear the infection;
- anti-inflammatory drugs used in urology;
- antispasmodics to reduce pain;
Broad-spectrum antibiotics or antibacterial drugs used to treat cystitis are usually prescribed. Because it is often impossible to pinpoint the cause of the disease, your doctor may prescribe several drugs from this group at once. Third-generation cephalosporins have proven themselves well.
The acute symptoms disappear the day after the start of antibiotic treatment. However, it is important to take the medication in a course, the duration of which is determined by the doctor individually.
The use of antispasmodics is recommended to eliminate the pain. Ordinary analgesics are ineffective because the pain is associated with spasm of the urethra and bladder.
In addition, herbal anti-inflammatory drugs used in the treatment of cystitis and kidney disease are prescribed. These drugs reduce the inflammatory process, normalize the process of urination and facilitate overall well-being in various diseases of the urinary tract.
Immunomodulators are needed. They use both drugs to prevent diseases of the genitourinary system and tonics, such as echinacea purpura extract.
Once you understand how to cure skinitis, you need to pay attention to important preventive measures. This disease is similar to cystitis - once you get sick, the chance of recurrence remains for many years. To prevent this, you must:
- observe personal hygiene;
- use barrier methods of contraception;
- have a permanent sexual partner;
- strengthening immunity.
When the first alarming symptoms appear, you should immediately make an appointment with a gynecologist and urologist. Self-medication for skinitis is dangerous with chronic inflammation.